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大阪歴史散歩③ 大大阪の時代 ―― Modern Osaka


Osaka was a big city than Tokyo about 90 years ago. Osaka in Those Days was called “the Great Osaka”. I’m going to write about Osaka of this era in today’s blog.


When the Samurai era is over, the rice warehouse of each clan that was in Osaka also will disappear(Samurai had received a salary in gold. But because it the need was gone, warehouse no longer required.). Osaka of economic strength had declined sharply, because it is no longer the integrated areas of goods. However, there was a rich financial power since the early modern period in Osaka. This was invested in spinning industry and the steel industry. Therefore, Osaka was able to change the “commercial and industrial city”.


Many modern building was built in Osaka of the 1920s ~ ’30s. Boys and girls in western clothes had swagger in Osaka of those days. At that time, Tokyo was devastated by the Great Kanto Earthquake. That’s why many companies and people to flow into Osaka, and Osaka had become even more in big cities. This is the era that is referred to as “the Great Osaka”. Osaka castle tower, main street (Midosuji) and subway(Midosuji line) was built in this era.

The busy street night of those days, which is reproducedin the Osaka Museum of History.

Daimaru Shinsaibashi of facing the Midosuji.

大丸心斎橋店の玄関装飾。Facade (Daimaru Shinsaibashi)


この建物は百貨店でアメリカの建築家ウィリアム・メレル・ヴォーリズによるものです。昭和8年(1933)に完成した〝大大阪〟を象徴するような存在ですが、 2015年12月30日をもってに営業を終了し、外装・内装の一部を遺して建て替えられることが決まっています。すごく残念ですが、耐震強度の不足などによるもので、これも時代に流れで仕方ないのかもしれません。

This building is a department store that has been designed in 1933 by the American architect William Merrell Vories. This is like a symbol of “Great Osaka”. However, it will rebuild of what is saved a part of the exterior and interior. It is very unfortunate. But that cannot be helped, because it had become too old for work and it is considered to be dangerous.


Next, buildings representative of the Osaka is “Tsutenkaku”. The Tsutenkaku of those days was destroyed in the World War Ⅱ , this is the second Tsutenkaku that was rebuilt after the war.


It is said that there was a large ceiling painting of first Tsutenkaku. The ceiling is reproduced on the basis of the photograph of those days, it is open to the public from July 3, 2015.


“Koraibashi Nomura Building (Chuo-ku, Osaka)” is built in 1927. This “Koraibashi Nomura Building” has been drawn picture postcards of those days.


これにて『大阪歴史散歩』は終了です。古代から現代までの大阪の歴史はどうでしたか? がさつで雑多なイメージのある大阪ですが、奈良や京都と同じくらいの歴史があります。また、お好みやタコ焼きばかりではありません!! 〝天下の台所〟といわれた時代の食文化もあります!! 機会があれば、ぜひ!! 大阪へ来てください!! お待ちしていります。

This blog about the history of Osaka is completed. The Osaka has a history of as much as Nara and Kyoto. There is also a rich food culture and entertainment. Please come to Osaka!! I’m looking forward to meeting you.


大阪歴史散歩① 難波宮 ―― Ancient Osaka
大阪歴史散歩② 天下の台所―― Medieval Osaka
大阪歴史散歩③ 大大阪の時代 ―― Modern Osaka


  1. ピンバック:大阪歴史散歩② 天下の台所―― Medieval Osaka – ひとつ屋